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The Dangers of Microplastics in Sewage Sludge Sold As Fertilizer To Farmers

What is Sewage Sludge? 

Sewage sludge is the residual solid material that remains after sewage is treated. It consists of human organic waste, human faeces, and other materials such as microplastics that is found in sewage. Sewage sludge is a hazardous substance as it contains harmful bacteria and chemicals.

Sewage sludge can be used for composting, land application or incineration. The latter two options are not very common in Europe due to the strict regulation on emissions from incinerators and the high cost of land application.

Sewage sludge is also known as biosolids in certain countries like Australia.

What are the dangers of microplastics ?

Microplastics are small pieces of plastic that are less than 5mm in size. They can be found in food, cosmetics, and other products.

Microplastics are not a new discovery but they have become more popular recently because they have been found to be in many food products like fish and seaweed. These plastics can also come from the synthetic fibers of our clothes when we wash them.

The dangers of microplastics are not fully understood yet but there is evidence that they may cause cancer and other health problems if consumed or inhaled.

Microplastics are currently used in fertiliser to create slow release fertiliser. These tiny plastic beads can be mixed into the soil and will slowly release nutrients for the plant to absorb. However, these microplastics are still being released into our environment where they will accumulate and can lead to a huge variety of environmental and human health impacts.

It’s estimated that 107,000-730,000 tonnes of microplastic are spread on European and North American farms each year. In 2017, Australia produced 327,000 tonnes of dry biosolids containing microplastics–75% of which were used in agriculture.

In Australia, around 3-19 kilo-tonnes of plastics is applied to farmland via biosolids each year, according to research in the Science of the Total Environment journal.

WWF study has shown that on average, we might ingest some 5 grams of microplastics a week per person. It’s equivalent to eating a teaspoon of plastic — or a credit card — each week.

“Chemicals can leach out in the environment, but [they] can also increase during weathering — plastic can absorb chemicals from the environment,” Dr Palanisami said.

What are the main sources of micro plastics?

Microplastics are tiny pieces of plastic that are less than 5 millimeters in size. They can be found in many places, such as the surface of the ocean and inside marine animals.

The main sources of micro plastics include:

– Packaging materials – bubble wrap

– Personal care products (e.g., toothpaste)

– Clothing fibers

– Detergents and other household cleaners

– Table salt derived from sea water which contains microplastics

– Tap water

According to the study, the highest levels of long-lasting uses of plastic were found in shellfish, beer and salt.

How is Sewage Sludge Applied to Crops and Why has it Become a Problem?

Sewage sludge is a by-product of wastewater treatment. It is a nutrient-rich organic material that is usually applied to crops. Sewage sludge has become an issue because it can contain pathogens and heavy metals.

Some people believe that sewage sludge should be avoided because it may not be safe for consumption, but others argue that it can be used as fertilizer to replace chemical fertilizers.

What are the potential health effects on humans and animals due to exposure to microplastics in farmed food?

The use of plastics in food production has not been studied extensively. However, there is a potential for health effects on animals and humans due to exposure to microplastics in farmed food. These exposures can happen through ingestion of microplastics, inhalation of airborne particles containing microplastics, or through the skin.

The article discusses the potential health effects on humans and animals due to exposure to microplastics in farmed food. The author also mentioned that these exposures can happen through ingestion of microplastics, inhalation of airborne particles containing microplastics, or through the skin.

Conclusion: The Dangers of Microplastics in Sewage Sludge Sold As Fertilizer To Farmers

The dangers of microplastics in sewage sludge sold as fertilizer to farmers is a serious problem that needs to be addressed. Sewage sludge contains harmful chemicals and microplastics, which can affect the crops. In addition, the people who consume these fertilizers are at risk of developing cancer and other health problems.

In order to address this issue, governments need to implement stricter regulations on what can be used as fertilizer in agriculture. They should also ban the use of sewage sludge as fertilizer altogether. Longer term health studies and research is required to determine human impact, but the wildlife animal impact is already present. 

References:

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Find out which mould gives you cancer

Mold is a type of fungus that can be found in indoor and outdoor environments. While mold is commonly associated with allergies and respiratory symptoms, recent research suggests that exposure to certain types of mold may also be linked to cancer and genetic mutations.

One type of mold that has been found to have carcinogenic properties is Aspergillus flavus. This mold produces aflatoxins, which are known to cause liver cancer (IARC, 2012). Aflatoxins are toxic compounds that are produced by certain strains of Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus, and are found mainly in crops such as peanuts, corn, and cottonseed.

Another type of mold, known as Stachybotrys chartarum or black mold, has been found to produce trichothecene mycotoxins, which have been shown to have genotoxic effects (IARC, 2012). Genotoxins are compounds that can damage or change genetic material, which can lead to mutations and cancer.

A study published in the journal of Environmental Research (2019) has shown that exposure to mold can lead to changes in DNA methylation, which is a process that can cause mutations in the DNA. The study suggests that exposure to mold can lead to changes in DNA methylation, which can affect the expression of genes associated with cancer.

It’s important to note that not all types of mold have been found to have carcinogenic or genotoxic effects, and more research is needed to fully understand the potential health risks associated with exposure to mold. However, it is clear that exposure to certain types of mold can have serious health consequences and should be avoided.

To prevent and control mold growth, it is essential to keep indoor spaces dry, well-ventilated, and clean, fix leaks, and remove any moldy materials. If you suspect mold growth in your home or workplace, it is essential to hire a professional to inspect and clean the area.

In conclusion, exposure to certain types of mold, such as Aspergillus flavus and Stachybotrys chartarum, has been linked to cancer and genetic mutations. It is important to prevent and control mold growth in indoor environments to protect human health.

References:

International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). (2012). IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans: A Review of Human Carcinogens: Biological Agents Part D. Lyon, France.

Xu, X., Chen, J., Wang, X., & Zhu, Y. (2019). Airborne mold exposure and DNA methylation: A systematic review. Environmental Research, 169, 586-594.

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Chaetomium mould can cause allergies

Mold exposure can lead to a variety of health issues, and Chaetomium is one of the many types of mold that can be found in indoor environments. It is a type of filamentous fungus that is commonly found in damp or water-damaged buildings. Exposure to Chaetomium mold can cause a range of health effects, including allergic reactions, respiratory symptoms, and other health problems.

Allergic reactions to Chaetomium mold are common, and symptoms may include sneezing, runny nose, red eyes, and skin rash (Bornehag et al., 2004). These symptoms are similar to those of other mold allergies, and may occur in individuals who are sensitive to mold or have mold allergies.

Respiratory symptoms are another common health effect of exposure to Chaetomium mold. The fungus produces mycotoxins, which can cause irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat, as well as coughing and wheezing (IARC, 2018). Long-term exposure to mold can also lead to the development of asthma and other respiratory problems (CDC, 2020).

Chaetomium mold can also cause other health problems, such as infections in people with weakened immune systems, and neurological symptoms like headaches, fatigue, and memory loss(IARC, 2018).

It’s essential to prevent and control mold growth in indoor environments. To prevent mold growth, it’s essential to keep indoor spaces dry, well-ventilated, and clean, fix leaks, and remove any moldy materials. If you suspect mold growth in your home or workplace, it is essential to hire a professional to inspect and clean the area.

In conclusion, Chaetomium mold is one of the many types of mold that can be found in indoor environments. Exposure to this type of mold can cause a range of health effects, including allergic reactions, respiratory symptoms, and other health problems. It’s essential to prevent and control mold growth in indoor environments to protect human health.

References: Bornehag, C. G., Sundell, J., Weschler, C. J., Sigsgaard, T., Lundberg, I., & Hasselgren, M. (2004). The association between asthma and allergic symptoms in children and phthalates in house dust: a nested case-control study. Environmental Health Perspectives, 112(3), 351-357.

International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). (2018). IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans: A Review of Human Carcinogens: Biological Agents Part D. Lyon, France.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2020). Mold and Your Health. Atlanta, GA: CDC.

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Unfiltered Freeway Ventilation Stacks are a Health Hazard

Air pollution from freeway exhaust ventilation stacks can have negative impacts on the respiratory health of residents living nearby. Studies have found that proximity to freeways and exposure to traffic-related air pollution can lead to increased incidence of respiratory symptoms, such as cough, phlegm, and shortness of breath, as well as decreased lung function (Gauderman et al., 2002; Jerrett et al., 2005; Kim et al., 2017).

One study conducted in Southern California found that children living within 500 meters of a freeway had a 36% increased risk of asthma and a 68% increased risk of bronchitis compared to children living more than 1500 meters away (Gauderman et al., 2002). Another study in Toronto, Canada found that individuals living within 50 meters of a major roadway had a 12% increased risk of developing asthma, and a 20% increased risk of being diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (Jerrett et al., 2005).

Exhaust ventilation stacks are designed to capture and control emissions from freeways, however, their effectiveness in reducing exposure to pollutants for nearby residents is still a matter of debate. A study by Kim et al. (2017) found that residents living near freeway exhaust stacks had similar levels of black carbon, a marker of traffic-related pollution, in their homes as those living farther away from the stacks.

These studies suggest that living near freeway exhaust ventilation stacks may be associated with negative respiratory health outcomes. More research is needed to fully understand the effectiveness of exhaust stacks in reducing exposure to pollutants and the potential health impacts on nearby residents.

References: Gauderman, W. J., Vora, H., McConnell, R., Berhane, K., Gilliland, F., Thomas, D., … & Avol, E. (2002). The effect of air pollution on lung development from 10 to 18 years of age. New England Journal of Medicine, 347(11), 975-982.

Jerrett, M., Arain, A., Kanaroglou, P., Beckerman, B., Potoglou, D., Sahsuvaroglu, T., … & Finkelstein, N. (2005). A review of land use regression models for predicting PM2.5 and NO2 concentrations across North America. Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology, 15(4), 435-454.

Kim, J. Y., Kim, S., Lim, S., & Kim, H. (2017). Effects of freeway exhaust stacks on indoor air quality and respiratory symptoms in a residential area. Environmental Pollution, 225, 271-278.

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The Complete Guide to Multiple Chemical Sensitivity Disorder and How it Affects Your Health

EMF mould mould testing inspection removal black mould toxic mould CIRS

The Chronic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (CIRS) Explained

What is Chronic Inflammatory Response Syndrome?

Chronic inflammatory response syndrome (CIRS) is a long-term inflammation of the body that can lead to many symptoms, such as fatigue and brain fog. It’s also referred to as biotoxin illness. Dr Shoemaker found 37 symptoms in cases with thirteen clusters. CIRS was defined as a finding of 8+ symptom clusters out of 13 clusters.

Building occupants exposed to the indoor air of a water-damaged building can cause a whole body inflammatory state and chronic, complex illness. Indoor air contains a complex mixture of fungi, mycotoxins, bacteria, endotoxins, antigens, lipopolysaccharides and biologically produced volatile compounds.

This state of chronic complex multi-system illness has been coined Chronic Inflammatory Response Syndrome or CIRS.

Do-It-Yourself (DIY) Check for Mould Illness

The VCS (Visual Contrast Sensitivity) test is a screening tool used to assess an individual’s sensitivity to visual contrast, which can be an indicator of mold illness. The test is typically administered online and involves viewing a series of patterns with varying levels of contrast. The individual is asked to identify the patterns as they appear on the screen, and their results are compared to a normative sample to determine if there is a deficit in contrast sensitivity.

Mold illness, also known as chronic inflammatory response syndrome (CIRS), is a condition caused by exposure to toxic mold. It can result in a variety of symptoms, including neurological and cognitive issues, such as difficulty with memory and concentration, and visual disturbances. The VCS test is one of the tools used to help diagnose mold illness as it can detect changes in visual contrast sensitivity that may indicate the presence of the illness.

While the VCS test is not a definitive diagnosis for mold illness, it can be a useful tool for identifying individuals who may be at risk for the condition. It’s important to note that other tests and assessments should also be conducted to confirm the diagnosis of mold illness, as a VCS test alone should not be used to make a definitive diagnosis.

Commonly Misdiagnosed Symptoms

Given CIRS is a multi-system, multi-organ and multi-symptom illness, unless your medical practitioner is familiar with the disease, misdiagnosis may occur. This creates a longer journey for the individual’s recovery. Some of the more common misdiagnosis are:

  • Fibromyalgia

  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

  • Multiple Sclerosis

  • Depression

  • Stress or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

  • Allergies

  • Somatization

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome

  • Attention Deficit Disorder

Therefore, it is best to engage a Shoemaker Protocol Certified Physicians,

CIRS Symptoms Clusters

The Shoemaker’s CIRS (Chronic Inflammatory Response Syndrome) symptoms cluster is a set of symptoms that are commonly associated with mold illness. The cluster was first identified by Dr. Ritchie Shoemaker, a leading expert in the field of mold illness.

The symptoms cluster includes neurological, cognitive, and physical symptoms such as fatigue, memory loss, headaches, and muscle and joint pain. Other symptoms that may be present include light and sound sensitivity, difficulty concentrating, and irritable bowel syndrome. The symptoms cluster can also include psychiatric symptoms, such as anxiety, depression, and insomnia.

This cluster of symptoms is considered to be a reliable indicator of mold illness and is often used by medical professionals to help diagnose the condition. It’s important to note that not all individuals with mold illness will have all of the symptoms in the cluster, and that other conditions can also cause similar symptoms. Therefore, it is important that a proper evaluation and testing are conducted to confirm the diagnosis of mold illness.

CIRS was defined as a finding of 8+ symptom clusters out of 13 clusters.
  • Cluster1: Fatigue / Chronic Fatigue

  • Cluster2: Muscle & Cognitive Issues – weakness, decreased assimilation of knowledge, body aches, headaches or migraines, light sensitivity

  • Cluster3: Cognitive – Memory Impairment & Decreased Word Fencing

  • Cluster4: Concentration – Difficulty concentrating

  • Cluster5: Pain – joint pain, morning stiffness, cramps

  • Cluster6: Nerve/Skin – unusual skin sensations, tingling,

  • Cluster7: Respiratory – shortness of breath, sinus congestion

  • Cluster8: Various – Cough, Confusion, Excessive thirst

  • Cluster9: Various – appetite swings, difficulty regulating temperature, frequent urination

  • Cluster10: Various – red eyes, blurred vision, mood swings, ice pick pain, night sweats

  • Cluster11: Gastrointestinal and Nerve – numbness, diarrhea, abdominal pain

  • Cluster12: Various – tearing, disorientation, metallic taste

  • Cluster13: Various – static shocks, vertigo

How To Get Treatment for CIRS or Biotoxin Illness

Finding a “Shoemaker Protocol Certified Physicians” to support you during your recovery every step of the way is the best approach to your recovery journey.

 

How To Find Out If Your Home is Water Damaged

Hire a Building Biologist to conduct an Indoor Air Quality Test and a Mould Inspection and Mould Testing of your home or office.

The Indoor Air Quality Tests / Air Testing will investigate key parameters of the indoor air. These include:

  • Temperature

  • Relative Humidity

  • Carbon Dioxide

  • Air Particles of Different Sizes (these sizes are all inhalable causing throat, nose, and lung issues)

    • PM10 – large particles with a diameter of 10 micrometres or less.

    • PM2.5 – are particles with a diameter of 2.5 micrometres or less

    • PM1.0 – fine particles with a diameter of 1.0 micrometres or less

    • PM0.3 – ultra fine particles with a diameter of 0.3 micrometres or less

Surface Testing for Bacteria and Mould – Building Biologists can test surfaces for microbial activity by measuring the ATP levels of microorganisms. Microorganisms can be mould or bacteria growing on the surface.

Mould Inspections and Mould Testing will inspect and identify water damaged rooms and building materials. This helps identify the cause of the water damage. Once this is done, mould testing can be conducted to determine the level of mould spores in the air (and on surfaces). These mould testing samples will be sent to the laboratory for analysis.

Mold spore testing is a process used to identify and quantify the presence of mold spores in the air. One method for collecting and analyzing mold spores is non-viable spore trap air sampling, which utilizes devices such as air-o-cells to capture and collect mold spores from the air. These devices typically consist of a sticky adhesive coated onto a microscope slide, which is placed in a known location for a specific period of time to collect spores.

Once the sample has been collected, it is sent to a laboratory for analysis. The laboratory will then use a microscope to identify the genera of mold spores present in the sample by using morphological and molecular techniques. This method allows for the identification of both common and uncommon mold genera, and the quantification of the spores present. This can be useful to identify the types of mold present in a specific area and to monitor the effectiveness of any remediation efforts. The results are usually presented in a report that shows the types of mold found and the concentration of each type.

It’s important to note that this method only captures the non-viable spores, which are the spores that are not capable of germinating and reproducing. This method can be useful to identify the types of mold present in a specific area but it may not provide a complete picture of the mold situation as it does not detect the potentially harmful and active mold colonies. Other methods such as visual inspections, moisture measurements, and viable (culturable) spore testing may be necessary to fully assess the mold situation.

 

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Don’t Get Stuck With the Default NBN Router: Why You Should Opt For a BYO/BYOD Router Instead

EMF mould telstra smart gateway NBN router EMF testing solution shielding EMR RFEMR RFR 5G smart meter

Don’t Get Stuck With the Default NBN Router: Why You Should Opt For a BYO/BYOD Router Instead

Your NBN connection should be providing you with fast and reliable internet, so why aren’t you getting the most out of it? Many Australians are stuck with their default NBN router, which can lead to a less than optimal experience. It’s time to consider a Bring Your Own (BYO) or Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) router, which can provide you with an enhanced connection and improved features. In this blog post, we will discuss why you should opt for a BYO/BYOD router, and the benefits it can offer, rather than settling for the default NBN router. We will also provide you with the information you need to know about the process of BYO/BYOD and what you should keep in mind when selecting the right router. By switching to a BYO/BYOD router, you can start getting the most out of your NBN connection and take your digital experience to the next level.

Building biologists advocate for healthier and more intelligent living. It is recommended that the BYO/BYOD router should possess the most effective features for minimizing exposure to EMR. It is essential that the router has specific components that will assist in the reduction of EMF emission from the WI-Fi.

90% of Homes have an RF EMF problem from the NBN Router

Over 90% of homes evaluated had a Wi-Fi router that was causing 90% of the electromagnetic field (EMF) radio frequency exposure levels that were in the extreme anomaly range. Among the worst are Telstra’s NBN routers, which have up to 8 RF antennas and a host of unnecessary features that most homes don’t use.

If you’re plagued by the nagging problem of finding the best low EMF router, don’t worry! You can finally get a reliable NBN router that works. The Building Biologist has evaluated over 100 NBN routers for you! There are the few recommended ones which are known to be less problematic. Ease of set-up, installation and reduced exposure to electromagnetic fields.

Don’t Use NBN Smart Gateway Routers

It’s best to not use Smart Gateway Routers , especially if you have children or a pregnant partner. In comparison to other routers, Smart Gateways have been found to have the highest EMF and RF exposure levels. They have up to 8 antennas, 3 Wi-Fi systems, Cordless phone functionality and a mobile phone with SIM card. A Smart Gateway is worse than a mobile phone cell tower in terms of Electromagnetic Fields and Radio Frequency levels.

Many of our clients suffer for sleep disturbances, memory loss, brain fog, tinnitus and migraines.

Steps for BYO NBN Router

We need a few details from you before we can recommend the BYO NBN Router Option.

NOTE: You are NOT purchasing a router. It is a recommendation list of NBN routers that a Building Biologist has evaluated and carefully selected based on his years of experience.

The list is constantly updated as newer NBN routers are released.

Find Your NBN Connection Type

Go to www.nbn.com.au and add your address to the search bar.

Look at the ‘Technology used in your connection” section and find out the type of connection it is. This can be HFC, FTTP, FTTB, FTTN, FTTC, HFC, Fixed Wireless, Satellite etc.

Purchase the PDF File

Identify the correct NBN Connection Type PDF file and purchase through our easy online payment form. 

Once payment is confirmed, the PDF file will be downloadable. 

Buy PDF File Now

 

 

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What is an EMF?

What is EMF?

EMF, or electromagnetic field, is a type of energy that results from the movement of electrical charges. It can be found in various sources, including power lines, cell phones, and household appliances. EMFs can be further divided into two groups: non-ionizing and ionizing radiation. Non-ionizing radiation, which is considered less harmful, includes radio frequency fields, AC magnetic fields, AC electric fields and dirty electricity. Radio frequency fields are emitted by wireless technologies such as cell phones, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth, while AC magnetic fields are generated by the flow of electric current through power lines and household wiring and AC electric fields are created by the voltage on power lines and household wiring. Dirty electricity refers to electrical noise on the wiring of buildings. Ionizing radiation, on the other hand, encompasses types of radiation such as gamma radiation and x-rays.

What is a Radiofrequency Field?

Radio frequency fields (RF) are a type of non-ionizing radiation that are emitted by wireless technologies such as cell phones, Wi-Fi, and Bluetooth. These fields are used to transmit information at a frequency measured in hertz (Hz). The frequency range for radio frequency fields is typically between 3 kilohertz (kHz) and 300 gigahertz (GHz). There are concerns about potential health effects from prolonged exposure to radio frequency field. There are a lot of independent research articles indicating non-thermal health effects caused by RF. 

What is an AC Magnetic Field?

AC magnetic fields are also a type of non-ionizing radiation. They are emitted by the flow of electric current through power lines and household wiring. The strength of these fields is measured in gauss (G) or tesla (T). AC magnetic fields at typical levels found in homes and workplaces are generally considered to be low risk. However, some studies have suggested a possible link between prolonged exposure to high levels of AC magnetic fields and an increased risk of cancer.

What is an AC Electric Field?

AC electric fields are another type of non-ionizing radiation. They are created by the voltage on power lines and household wiring. The strength of these fields is measured in volts per meter (V/m). At typical levels found in homes and workplaces, AC electric fields are considered to be low risk. However, there is some evidence to suggest that prolonged exposure to high levels of AC electric fields may increase the risk of certain health effects or sensitisation.

What is Dirty Electricity?

Dirty electricity is a type of non-ionizing radiation that refers to electrical noise on the wiring of buildings. It is caused by the use of certain types of electrical devices and can result in high levels of electromagnetic pollution. Some studies have suggested that exposure to dirty electricity may be linked to certain health effects, such as cancer and diabetes. However, more research is needed to fully understand the potential risks associated with dirty electricity.

In conclusion, EMF is a type of energy that is emitted by the movement of electric charges and can be found in a wide variety of sources. EMFs are generally classified into two categories: non-ionizing and ionizing radiation. The non-ionizing radiation includes radio frequency fields, AC magnetic fields, AC electric fields and dirty electricity. While there are concerns about potential health effects from prolonged exposure to certain types of EMFs, at present, the scientific evidence for such effects is inconclusive and more research is needed to understand the potential risks.

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Subfloor Fans: EC or AC Motors, which is better?

Subfloor ventilation is an essential part of maintaining a healthy and comfortable living environment. It helps to remove dampness, mold, and musty odors from the crawlspace or subfloor area of a building. There are two main types of subfloor ventilation fans: those with EC motors and those with AC motors. In this article, we will discuss the differences between these two types of motors, including their efficiency, noise levels, and air flow rate.
EC motors, also known as electronically commutated motors, are a newer type of motor technology. They are designed to be more energy efficient than traditional AC motors. This is because they use a combination of DC and AC power, which allows them to run at a lower voltage and consume less energy. Additionally, EC motors have a built-in speed controller, which means they can adjust their speed based on the airflow rate and other factors. This results in a more efficient and consistent airflow rate.
 
AC motors, on the other hand, are the more traditional type of motor. They have been used in subfloor ventilation fans for many years. They work by converting AC power into mechanical energy, which is then used to turn the fan blades. AC motors are generally less expensive than EC motors, but they are less energy efficient and tend to produce more noise. Additionally, they typically have a fixed speed, which means the airflow rate cannot be adjusted.
 
EC motors are generally more efficient than AC motors. They consume less energy, which means they can save you money on your electricity bill in the long run. EC motors also have a built-in speed controller that allows for a more efficient and consistent airflow rate. It’s worth noting that EC motors are designed to operate at their most efficient when they are running at around 80% of their maximum speed. This is because when an EC motor is operated at its maximum speed, it consumes more energy and generates more heat. Running the motor at 80% speed allows it to operate more efficiently, consume less energy and produce less heat. Additionally, it is also beneficial as it reduces the noise level of the fan as well.
 
EC motor’s noise levels tend to be quieter than AC motors. This is because they use a lower voltage and have a built-in speed controller, which helps to reduce the amount of noise they produce. Additionally, the noise level of a subfloor ventilation fan is also affected by the fan size, housing, and other factors.
 
In terms of air flow rate, EC motors tend to have a higher airflow rate than AC motors. This is because they have a built-in speed controller, which allows them to adjust their speed based on the airflow rate and other factors. Additionally, the airflow rate of a subfloor ventilation fan is also affected by the fan size, housing, and other factors.
 
In conclusion, both EC and AC motors have their own set of advantages and disadvantages. EC motors are more energy efficient, quieter and have higher airflow rate, but tend to be more expensive than AC motors. They’re very efficient, often above 90%, allowing EC fans to consume up to 70% less energy, when compared to conventional fans. At full speed these fans draw 31 W and extract 515 m³/h! However, it’s important to note that they should be operated at around 80% of their maximum speed to achieve the best efficiency. Choosing the right type of motor for your subfloor ventilation fan will depend on your specific needs, budget, and preferences. It’s always a good idea to consult with a professional to make sure you’re getting the best option for your home.
Contact

Fresh Ventilation

for the best subfloor ventilation fan systems.

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The Bamboo Tumbler is the eco-friendly water bottle you’ve been looking for!

The Bamboo Tumbler is the eco-friendly water bottle you’ve been looking for!

If you’re someone who cares about the environment and wants to reduce your carbon footprint, then you’ll love the Bamboo Tumbler. Made from sustainable and renewable bamboo, this water bottle not only looks stylish but also helps to reduce plastic waste.

But that’s not all – the Bamboo Tumbler also has a stainless steel interior to keep your beverages hot or cold for hours on end. Whether you’re on the go, at the office, or at home, this tumbler is the perfect companion. It’s leak-proof, easy to clean, and fits perfectly in most cup holders.

And every time you use your Bamboo Tumbler, you’re making a positive impact on the environment. Single-use plastic water bottles are a major contributor to pollution and waste, and by choosing a reusable bottle like the Bamboo Tumbler, you’re helping to reduce your carbon footprint and protect the planet.

So why wait? Start using a Bamboo Tumbler today and join the movement towards a more sustainable future. You’ll love the convenience and style of this water bottle, and you’ll feel good knowing that you’re doing your part to help the environment.

So go ahead and buy the Bamboo Tumbler to your cart today. Trust us – you won’t be disappointed!

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Trichothecenes: A Guide to These Potent Toxins

Trichothecenes are a class of toxins produced by certain fungi that can cause serious illness in humans and animals. There are many different types of trichothecenes, and they are classified into two main groups: type A and type B.

Type A Trichothecenes

Type A trichothecenes are the more toxic and potent of the two types. They are produced by fungi in the genera Fusarium and Myrothecium, and include toxins such as deoxynivalenol (DON) and nivalenol (NIV). These toxins can cause a range of symptoms in humans, including vomiting, diarrhea, and skin irritation. They are also toxic to animals and can cause immune suppression, reproductive failure, and death.

Type B Trichothecenes

Type B trichothecenes are produced by fungi in the genera Trichoderma and Stachybotrys, and include toxins such as roridin E and verrucarin. These toxins are less toxic than type A trichothecenes, but can still cause illness in humans and animals. Symptoms of type B trichothecene poisoning can include skin irritation, respiratory problems, and neurological symptoms.

Sources of Trichothecenes

Trichothecenes can be found in a variety of sources, including grains, feed, and straw. They can also be found in certain types of building materials, such as drywall, if the materials have been contaminated by fungi. It is important to take precautions to prevent exposure to these toxins, as they can be harmful to both humans and animals.

If you think you may have been exposed to trichothecenes, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. You can also contact Balanced Building Biology and hire a Building Biologist to conduct a Mould and Moisture Assessment to determine the mould spore concentration and identify any potential mould growth. Symptoms of trichothecene poisoning can range from mild to severe, and can be serious if left untreated. If you have any questions or concerns about trichothecenes, be sure to consult a healthcare professional for more information.

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What is a Mould Inspection?

Mould is a common problem in homes, buildings, and schools, and it can have serious health consequences if it is not addressed. A mould inspection is an important step in identifying and addressing mould growth in your home, building, or school. But what does a mould inspection involve, and how do you go about getting one? In this article, we’ll take a closer look at mould inspections, including what they involve, the cost of a mould inspection, and how to do one.

What does a mould inspection involve?

A mould inspection involves a thorough examination of your home, building, or school to identify the presence and extent of mould growth. This may include visual inspections of visible mould, as well as the use of specialized equipment to detect hidden mould. The inspector will also assess potential sources of moisture that may be contributing to mould growth, such as leaks, humidity levels, and ventilation problems.

The results of a mould inspection are typically documented in a report that includes information about the types and locations of mould found, as well as recommendations for remediation. The report may also include recommendations for preventing future mould growth.

What is the cost of a mould inspection?

The cost of a mould inspection can vary depending on the size of your home, building, or school, and the extent of the inspection. On average, you can expect to pay anywhere from $800 to $2,800 for a mould inspection. Keep in mind that this is just the cost of the inspection itself, and does not include the cost of any laboratory sampling, remediation or prevention measures that may be recommended as a result of the inspection.

How do you do a mould inspection?

If you are interested in having a mould inspection done, you should start by finding a qualified and certified mould inspector at Balanced Building Biology (. You can find a list of certified mould inspectors in your area through organizations such as such as the Australian College of Environmental Studies (www.aces.edu.au) and the Australasian Society of Building Biologists (www.asbb.org.au).

If you are in NSW and ACT, Australia, you can schedule an appointment for the inspection by contacting Senri (a Government accredited Building Biologist) on +61406736802. The inspector will typically ask you about any concerns or symptoms you may have noticed, as well as any known sources of moisture or humidity in your home, building, or school. The inspector will then conduct a thorough examination of the property, including visual inspections and the use of specialized equipment as needed. Thorough moisture measurements with a professional moisture meter, temperature, humidity and dew point measurements as well as any required laboratory sampling that gets analysed by a qualified mycologist at a NATA-accredited laboratory.

How often should you have a mould inspection?

There is no specific time frame for how often you should have a mould inspection, but it is generally a good idea to have one done if you have any concerns about mould growth in your home, building, or school. If you have recently experienced water damage or other issues that may have contributed to mould growth, it is especially important to have an inspection done as soon as possible. Additionally, if you or anyone in your home, building, or school is experiencing symptoms that may be related to mould exposure (such as respiratory problems, allergies, or skin irritation), a mould inspection can help to identify the cause and take steps to address it.