The Complete Guide to Rhinosinusitis, Fungal Balls and Sinusitis

What is Rhinosinusitis?

Rhinosinusitis is one of the most commonly diagnosed diseases with 13% of adults diagnosed with it by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Rhino sinusitis is a chronic and long-term inflammation of the sinuses. The inflammation can be both bacterial and fungal. Rhinosinusitis is the preferred term because it’s when the sinuses are inflamed that’s accompanied by inflammation of the nasal cavities.

Other than the usual cold and flu, rhinosinusitis is one of the most common respiratory conditions in adults. It affects about 30% of people at some point in their life.

Acute bacterial rhinosinusitis (ABRS) may cost upwards of $3 billion annually.

What are the Symptoms of Rhinosinusitis?

Rhinitis is the medical term for inflammation of the nasal passages. It can be caused by a fungal, viral or bacterial infection, allergic reactions, pollutants, or irritants.

The following are some of the symptoms of rhinosinusitis: Headache, fever, loss of smell, pain when swallowing, cough with thick yellow-green mucus.

Acute sinusitis symptoms (ARS) include a running nose, anosmia, pus from the nose, pain on the face and headache. This infection lasts for less than 12 weeks.

Chronic rhinosinusitis symptoms (CRS) have been present for 12 weeks or more and may vary in severity. Typical symptoms of chronic rhinosinusitis include the same issues seen with acute sinusitis. Chronic rhinosinusitis is classified by the degree of involvement that is seen at endoscopy or sinus scans. Another classification factor is whether or not nasal polyps are also present. Nasal polyps can also be benign growths of fungal or bacterial clusters (i.e. fungal balls or bacterial balls).

Also, children may be more prone to abdominal discomfort and vomiting. This can happen due to prolonged coughing or gagging on mucus.

Not everyone with ARS will show these symptoms, but they are less common than the typical symptoms of fever, nausea, malaise, sore throat, fatigue, hyposmia and halitosis.


What is the Treatment and Cure for Sinus and Rhinosinusitis Conditions?

Always seek medical advice from your doctor or medical practitioner.

The treatment for sinusitis is based on the severity of the symptoms and what kind of fungal, bacteria or virus has caused it. It usually includes antibiotics to clean out any infectious material, analgesics to provide relief from pain, and rest along with hydration to prevent further complications like pneumonia and dehydration. Fungal balls may also be surgically removed in extreme cases.

If the cause is a fungal infection, then it may be prudent to have your home tested for mould and moisture to determine if there is an environmental problem. Hire a Building Biologist to do a mould inspection followed by mould testing.

How to Prevent Sinus Problems in Future

This article has explored the Rhinitis and Rhinosinusitis in detail. We have discussed the symptoms show by individuals affected by this.

It is important to understand the causes and effects of sinus problems with your doctor. This helps you take precautions against them and especially if you have a fungal or mould problem within your home.